Jackson Pollock was the most famous Abstract Expressionist, but he had lots of company. He was part of a group of artists that came to be known as the New York School. Other painters in this group included Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, Mark Rothko, Arshile Gorky, Hans Hofmann, Adolph Gottlieb, Robert Motherwell, Philip Guston and Clyfford Still. An art history class will fill you in on them, or surf the internet and be amazed.
The main thing to remember is that after World War II the center of the art world shifted from Paris to New York.
This is a pretty spectacular development, after all, Europe had thousands of years of art history behind it, and the museums to back it up. What had changed?
Unfortunately, today we only have time for a brief look at two Abstract Expressionists: William de Kooning and Franz Kline. We will spend quite a bit of time with Mark Rothko, however.
Willem de Kooning
1904 – 1997
The idea of space is given to the artist to change if he can. The subject matter in the abstract is space.
I think I’m painting a picture of two women but it may turn out to be a landscape.
1910 – 1962
The final test of a painting, theirs, mine, any other, is: does the painter’s emotion come across?